It is not always convenient to assign permissions one at a time. You might want a special role for access to all user-defined stored procedures. Also, there are special capabilities available within VoltDB that are not called out individually in the schema so cannot be assigned using the CREATE PROCEDURE statement.
For these special cases VoltDB provides named permissions that you can use to assign functions as a group. For example, the ALLPROC permission grants a role access to all user-defined stored procedures so the role does not need to be granted access to each procedure individually.
Several of the special function permissions have two versions: a full access permission and a read-only permission. So, for example, DEFAULTPROC assigns access to all default procedures while DEFAULTPROCREAD allows access to only the read-only default procedures; that is, the TABLE.select procedures. Similarly, the SQL permission allows the user to execute both read and write SQL queries interactively while SQLREAD only allows read-only (SELECT) queries to be executed.
One additional functional permission is access to the read-only system procedures, such as @Statistics and @SystemInformation. This permission is special in that it does not have a name and does not need to be assigned; all authenticated users are automatically assigned read-only access to these system procedures.
Table 12.1, “Named Security Permissions” describes the named functional permissions.
Table 12.1. Named Security Permissions
|DEFAULTPROCREAD||Access to read-only default procedures (TABLE.select)|
|DEFAULTPROC||Access to all default procedures (TABLE.select, TABLE.insert, TABLE.delete, TABLE.update, and TABLE.upsert)||DEFAULTPROCREAD|
|SQLREAD||Access to read-only ad hoc SQL queries (SELECT)||DEFAULTPROCREAD|
|SQL[a]||Access to all ad hoc SQL queries, including data definition language (DDL) statements and default procedures||SQLREAD, DEFAULTPROC|
|ALLPROC||Access to all user-defined stored procedures|
|ADMIN[a]||Full access to all system procedures, all user-defined procedures, as well as default procedures and ad hoc SQL||ALLPROC, DEFAULTPROC, SQL|
[a] For backwards compatibility, the special permissions ADHOC and SYSPROC are still recognized. They are interpreted as synonyms for SQL and ADMIN, respectively.
In the CREATE ROLE statement you enable access to these functions by including the permission name in the WITH clause. (The default, if security is enabled and the keyword is not specified, is that the role is not allowed access to the corresponding function.)
Note that the permissions are additive. So if a user is assigned one role that allows access to SQLREAD but not DEFAULTPROC, but that user is also assigned another role that allows DEFAULTPROC, the user has both permissions.
The following example assigns full access to members of the ops role, access to interactive SQL queries (and default procedures by inheritance) and all user-defined procedures to members of the developer role, and no special access beyond read-only system procedures to members of the apps role.
CREATE ROLE ops WITH admin; CREATE ROLE developer WITH sql, allproc; CREATE ROLE apps;