VoltDB ships with a default Log4J configuration file, voltdb/log4j.xml, in the installation directory. The sample applications and the VoltDB shell commands use this file to configure logging and it is recommended for new application development. This default Log4J file lists all of the VoltDB-specific logging categories and can be used as a template for any modifications you wish to make. Or you can create a new file from scratch.
The following is an example of a Log4J configuration file:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?> <!DOCTYPE log4j:configuration SYSTEM "log4j.dtd"> <log4j:configuration xmlns:log4j="http://jakarta.apache.org/log4j/"> <appender name="Async" class="org.apache.log4j.AsyncAppender"> <param name="Blocking" value="true" /> <appender-ref ref="Console" /> <appender-ref ref="File" /> </appender> <appender name="Console" class="org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender"> <param name="Target" value="System.out" /> <layout class="org.apache.log4j.TTCCLayout" /> </appender> <appender name="File" class="org.apache.log4j.FileAppender"> <param name="File" value="/tmp/voltdb.log" /> <param name="Append" value="true" /> <layout class="org.apache.log4j.TTCCLayout" /> </appender> <logger name="AUTH"> <!-- Print all VoltDB authentication messages --> <level value="trace" /> </logger> <root> <priority value="debug" /> <appender-ref ref="Async" /> </root> </log4j:configuration>
The preceding configuration file defines three destinations, or appenders, called Async, Console, and File. The appenders define the type of output (whether to the console, to a file, or somewhere else), the location (such as the file name), as well as the layout of the messages sent to the appender. See the log4J documentation for more information about layout.
Note that the appender Async is a superset of Console and File. So any messages sent to Async are routed to both Console and File. This is important because for logging of VoltDB, you should always use an asynchronous appender as the primary target to avoid the processing of the logging messages from blocking other execution threads.
More importantly, you should not use any appenders that are susceptible to extended delays, blockages, or slow throughput, This is particularly true for network-based appenders such as SocketAppender and third-party log infrastructures including logstash and JMS. If there is any prolonged delay in writing to the appenders, messages can end up being held in memory causing performance degradation and, ultimately, generating out of memory errors or forcing the database into read-only mode.
The configuration file also defines a root class. The root class is the default logger and all loggers inherit the root definition. So, in this case, any messages of severity "debug" or higher are sent to the Async appender.
Finally, the configuration file defines a logger specifically for VoltDB authentication messages. The logger identifies the class of messages to log (in this case "AUTH"), as well as the severity ("trace"). VoltDB defines several different classes of messages you can log. Table 6.1, “VoltDB Components for Logging” lists the loggers you can invoke.
Table 6.1. VoltDB Components for Logging
|ADHOC||Execution of ad hoc queries|
|AUTH||Authentication and authorization of clients|
|COMPILER||Interpretation of SQL in ad hoc queries|
|CONSOLE||Informational messages intended for display on the console|
|DR||Database replication sending data|
|DRAGENT||Database replication receiving data|
|GC||Java garbage collection|
|HOST||Host specific events|
|JOIN||Elastic addition of nodes to the cluster|
|LOADER||Bulk loading of data (including as part of import)|
|NETWORK||Network events related to the database cluster|
|REJOIN||Node recovery and rejoin|
|SQL||Execution of SQL statements|